Convertible Debt and Other Debt
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2018
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Convertible Debt and Other Debt||
Senior Secured Convertible Debentures and Warrants
We entered into Subscription Agreements (the “Subscription Agreement”) with various individuals (each, a “Purchaser”) between July 23, 2015 and March 31, 2016, pursuant to which the Company sold Senior Secured Convertible Debentures (the “Debentures”) and warrants to purchase shares of common stock equal to 50% of the number of shares issuable pursuant to the subscription amount (the “Warrants”) for an aggregate purchase price of $6,329,549 (the “Purchase Price”).
The Company issued a principal aggregate amount of $6,962,504 in Debentures which includes a 10% original issue discount on the Purchase Price. The Debenture does not accrue any additional interest during the first year it is outstanding but accrues interest at a rate equal to 10% per annum for the second year it is outstanding. The Debenture has a maturity date of two years from issuance. The Debenture is convertible any time after its issuance date. The Purchaser has the right to convert the Debenture into shares of the Company’s common stock at a fixed conversion price equal to $8.40 per share, subject to applicable adjustments. In the second year that the Debenture is outstanding, any interest accrued shall be payable quarterly in either cash or common stock, at the Company’s discretion.
In connection with the Debentures issued, the Company issued warrants exercisable into a total of 376,759 shares of our common stock. The Warrants issued in this transaction are immediately exercisable at an exercise price of $12.00 per share, subject to applicable adjustments including full ratchet anti-dilution if we issue any securities at a price lower than the exercise price then in effect. The Warrants have an expiration period of five years from the original issue date. The Warrants are subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends or recapitalizations and also include anti-dilution price protection for subsequent equity sales below the exercise price.
Subject to the terms and conditions of the Warrants, at any time commencing six months from the Final Closing, the Company has the right to call the Warrants for cancellation if the volume weighted average price of its Common Stock on the OTCQB (or other primary trading market or exchange on which the Common Stock is then traded) equals or exceeds three times the per share exercise price of the Warrants for 15 out of 20 consecutive trading days.
In connection with the Subscription Agreement and Debenture, the Company entered into Security Agreements with the Purchasers whereby the Company agreed to grant to Purchasers an unconditional and continuing, first priority security interest in all of the assets and property of the Company to secure the prompt payment, performance and discharge in full of all of Company’s obligations under the Debentures, Warrants and the other Transaction Documents.
ASC 470-20 states that the proceeds from the issuance of debt with detachable stock warrants should be allocated between the debt and warrants based on their relative fair market values. The debt discount will be amortized to interest expense over the two-year term of these loans. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recognized amortization expense related to the Debenture discounts of $129,768.
On various dates for the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company issued 22,606 shares of common stock based on the 10-day VWAP prior to quarter end to holders of the Debentures in payment of the quarterly interest accrued from the Debentures first anniversary date through December 31, 2017 for an aggregate amount of $85,040. We recognized a $4,285 gain on extinguishment of debt by calculating the difference of the shares valued on the issuance date and the amount of accrued interest through December 31, 2017.
At any time after the Issuance Date, the Company has the option, subject to certain conditions, to redeem some or all of the then outstanding principal amount of the Debenture for cash in an amount equal to the sum of (i) 120% of the then outstanding principal amount of the Debenture, (ii) accrued but unpaid interest and (iii) any liquidated damages and other amounts due in respect of the Debenture.
On September 11, 2017, we notified Debenture holders that their Debentures will be extended 180 days beyond the original maturity date as permitted in the Debenture agreement. We will continue to pay interest on the Debentures until the extended maturity date. We accounted for the Debenture extensions as debt modifications and not extinguishment of debt since the changes in fair value are not substantial in accordance with ASC 470-50. We started amortizing the remaining unamortized discount as of September 11, 2017 over the new term, which extends 180 days beyond the original maturity date. We continue to pay interest on the Debentures that matured 180 days beyond the maturity date. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recognized amortization expense related to the convertible debt discounts indicated above of $129,768.
Other convertible notes
On various dates during the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company issued convertible notes for net proceeds of $819,350 with the following terms: a) maturity ranging from 3 to 12 months; b) annual interest rates ranging from 5% to 12%; c) convertible to the Company’s common stock at issuance at a fixed rate of $7.50 or convertible at variable conversion rates either after 6 months after issuance or in the event of a default. Certain of these notes were issued with shares or warrants which were fair valued at issuance dates. The aggregate relative fair value of $51,463 of the shares or warrants issued with the notes was recorded as a debt discount and amortized over the term of the notes. We then computed the effective conversion price of the notes, noting that no beneficial conversion feature exists. We also evaluated the convertible notes for derivative liability treatment and determined that the notes did not qualify for derivative accounting treatment as of March 31, 2018.
The specific terms of the convertible notes and outstanding balances as of March 31, 2018 are listed in the tables below.
1. The loan term was extended by 180 days and further extended on January 15, 2018 by 60 days to repay in common stock. The July 22, 2015 Debentures of $3,773,000 is currently past due as of March 19, 2018. The affected Debenture holders signed letter agreements on May 15, 2018 to waive default penalties relating to the maturity date.
2. The original issue discount is reflected in the first year.
3. The annual interest started accruing in the second year.
As of March 31, 2018, a total of approximately $291,000 convertible debentures were purchased by related parties who were members of the Company’s Board of Directors and management and their family members.
Deferred finance fees included cash commissions amounting to $621,500 and the fair value of the 2,101,786 warrants issued to the placement agent amounting to $536,908. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recognized amortization expense related to the convertible debt discounts indicated above of $425,864. The unamortized debt discounts as of March 31, 2018 related to the convertible debentures and other convertible notes amounted to $362,143.
Revolving Note Payable
On October 28, 2016, an accredited investor (the “Investor”) purchased from us a promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of up to $2,000,000 (the “Revolving Note”) due and payable on the earlier of October 28, 2017 (the “Maturity Date”) or on the seventh business day after the closing of a Qualified Offering (as defined in the Revolving Note). Although the Revolving Note is dated October 26, 2016, the transaction did not close until October 28, 2016, when we received its initial $250,000 advance pursuant to the Revolving Note. As a result, on the same day and pursuant to the Revolving Note, we issued to the Investor a Common Stock Purchase Warrant to purchase 20,834 shares of our common stock at an exercise price per share equal to $12.00 per share. The Investor is obligated to provide us with advances of $250,000 under the Revolving Note, but the Investor shall not be required to advance more than $250,000 in any individual fifteen (15) day period and no more than $500,000 in the thirty (30) day period immediately following the date of the initial advance. We received $3,500,000 pursuant to the Revolving Note as amended of which $2,070,000 net proceeds was received in 2017 and we issued to the Investor warrants to purchase 291,667 shares of our Common Stock at an exercise price per share equal to $12.00 per share. The terms of the Warrants are identical except for the exercise date, issue date, and termination date which are based on the advance date.
The Revolving Note was amended on May 2, 2017 to increase the aggregate principal amount to $3,000,000, to issue 16,667 shares of our Common Stock to the Investor, to decrease the exercise price per share of the warrants to the lower of (i) $12.00 or (ii) the per share purchase price of the shares of our Common Stock sold in the Qualified Offering, and to change the references in the Revolving Note from “the six (6) month anniversary of October 28, 2016” to “July 25, 2017.” The fair value of the 16,667 shares issued of $149,018 was accounted for as a note discount and are amortized to interest expense over the life of the loan. We evaluated the accounting impact of the Revolving Note amendment and deemed that the amendment did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
The Revolving Note was amended on August 18, 2017 to increase the aggregate principal amount to $3,500,000 with all other terms unchanged. The Revolving Note, previously amended, was further amended on January 30, 2018 to increase the aggregate principal amount to $4,000,000 with all other terms unchanged.
In the event that a Qualified Offering had occurred after July 25, 2017, but prior to the Maturity Date, within seven (7) Business Days of the closing of the Qualified Offering, the Company was to pay a cash fee equal to five percent (5%) of the total outstanding amount owed by the Company to the Holder as of the closing date of the Qualified Offering or, at the option of the Company, issue to the Holder a number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock equal to (x) five percent (5%) of the total outstanding amount owed by the Company to the Holder as of the closing date of the Qualified Offering divided by (y) the purchase price provided by the documents governing the Qualified Offering. A Qualified Offering means the completion of a public offering of the Company’s securities pursuant to which the Company receives aggregate gross proceeds of at least Seven Million United States Dollars (US$7,000,000) in consideration of the purchase of its securities and resulting in, pursuant to the effectiveness of the registration statement for such offering, the Company’s common stock being traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market, NASDAQ Global Select Market or the New York Stock Exchange. A Qualified Offering did not occur on or prior to the Maturity Date.
In the event that a Qualified Offering had not occurred after July 25, 2017, but prior to the Maturity Date, within seven (7) Business Days of the closing of the Qualified Offering, the Company shall pay a cash fee equal to five percent (5%) of the total outstanding amount owed by the Company to the Holder or, at the option of the Company, issue to the Holder a number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock equal to (x) five percent (5%) of the total outstanding amount owed by the Company to the Holder as of the Maturity Date divided by (y) the VWAP of the Company’s common stock for the last ten trading days preceding the Maturity Date. A Qualified Offering did not occur on or prior to the Maturity Date.
Interest on the principal balance of the Revolving Note shall be paid in full on the Maturity Date, unless otherwise paid prior to the Maturity Date. Interest shall be assessed as follows: (i) a one-time interest of 10% on all principal amounts advanced prior to April 28, 2017; (ii) the foregoing and 4% on any amount remaining outstanding if the principal amount is repaid between April 28, 2017 and July 28, 2017; or (iii) both of the foregoing and 4% on any amount remaining outstanding if the principal amount is repaid between July 28, 2017 and October 28, 2017.
Broker fees amounting to $336,500, the one-time interest of $400,000 and the relative fair value of the 333,334 warrants issued to the Investor amounting to $1,266,691 were recorded as debt discounts and amortized over the term of the revolving note. The unamortized debt discounts related to the Revolving Note were fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. The finance costs from advances after December 31, 2017 were charged to interest expense directly because the maturity date had passed.
The Revolving Note was still outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and is currently past due. We continue to accrue interest on the note based on the default rate of 20% and drew down an additional $500,000 during the first quarter of 2018 in connection with the amendment on January 30, 2018.
The following table provides a summary of the changes in convertible debt and revolving note payable, net of unamortized discounts, during 2018:
In March 2018, we received non-convertible loans totaling $150,000 from private investors. The loans include one-year term and 10% guaranteed interest.
On March 21, 2017, we received an eight-month, non-convertible loan of $170,000 from an accredited investor. The loan earns an annual interest rate of 10% and includes a 10% original issue discount. We also agreed to issue the investor 5,667 shares of restricted common stock. We recorded the fair value of the shares amounting to $35,079 as a debt discount that will be amortized to interest expense during the term of the loan. The loan still remains outstanding as of March 31, 2018 with a balance of $170,000. The lender extended the term to December 31, 2017 and further to March 31, 2018 in exchange for a total of 9,500 shares of common stock with a fair value of $28,490 recorded as interest expense. We fully amortized $52,079 of the debt discount in the year ended December 31, 2017.
On May 19, 2017, we received a 45-day non-convertible loan of $630,000 from a private investor. The loan provides guaranteed interest of $63,000 and has an origination fee of $32,000. We paid a broker $31,500 in connection with this loan. The unamortized debt discount as of December 31, 2017 was zero. We used these proceeds to pay off in full our September 2016 loan of $589,189. The loan remains outstanding and is currently past due. We continue to accrue interest at the 20% default rate from the maturity date.
On August 1, 2017, we signed a non-convertible installment loan with a lender. Under the agreement we received a loan of $75,000 with a weekly repayment of $3,500 until payment in full. The loan includes $18,750 representing an original issue discount, interest and fees resulting in a total payable of $93,750. The loan was paid off entirely as of March 31, 2018.
On September 12, 2017, we received a 9-month non-convertible loan of $225,000 from a privately-held investment firm. The loan earns an annual interest rate of 10%. The Company paid total fees of $25,000 including original issue discount and other costs related to this loan. We agreed to issue 3,333 shares at closing. We recorded the fair value of the shares as a debt discount that will be amortized to interest expense during the term of the loan. We amortized $12,527 of debt discounts in the quarter ended March 31, 2018. The unamortized debt discount as of March 31, 2018 was $10,161. In the event of default and at the option of the holder, the loan is convertible into common stock at a 35% discount to the average of the two lowest daily volume weighted average closing stock price for the 20 trading days prior to conversion. The outstanding balance was $168,750 as of March 31, 2018.
We have signed various Merchant Agreements which entitle the lenders to our customer receipts. We accounted for the Merchant Agreements as loans under ASC 860 because while we provided rights to current and future receipts, we still had control over the receipts. The following table shows our Merchant Agreements as of March 31, 2018.
We amortized $33,368 and $40,802 of debt discounts during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively for all non-convertible notes. The total unamortized discount for all non-convertible notes as of March 31, 2018 was $37,326.
Related Party Notes
On March 14, 2018, we received a one-year, non-convertible loan of $50,000 from a related party who was a member of the Company’s Board of Directors. This loan is included in net proceeds from non-convertible debt in the Statement of Cash Flows. The amount of $50,000 was outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and includes $7,500 guaranteed interest that was recorded as debt discount and amortized over the term of the debt.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef